On 28 July 2019, PSA Group (owner of Vauxhall Motors) told the Financial Times that if Brexit made it unprofitable, a Brexit without a deal could lead to the closure of its Ellesmere Port plant, with serious consequences for local suppliers.  The British Parliament passes a law requiring the UK government to ask for a postponement of Brexit if there is no deal with the EU by 19 October 2019. In order to reduce its dependence on the EU market, the UK could also try to open up new markets for its fish through trade agreements with other countries. It will be difficult for EU coastal countries to start fishing in other waters. On 13 March 2019, the Ministry of International Trade published details on temporary tariffs on imports if the UK left the EU without a deal.  This regime would have lasted 12 months and would then have been reviewed. The new regime increased the share of duty-free items from 80% to 87%; Duty-free products included jams, jellies and jams (currently 24%), oranges (16% currently), onions (currently 9.6%), peas (currently 8%) and televisions (currently 14%). 86 However, there did not appear to be any reason to expect these tariffs to be replicated and some exporters anticipated a total loss of their major markets.  “The withdrawal agreement was drafted on the basis that, as part of this joint committee procedure, further agreements could be reached between us and the EU on the details,” the spokesman said. A Brexit without a deal has been strongly supported by the Trump administration.  John R. Bolton, U.S. National Security Adviser, told British Prime Minister Boris Johnson that President Trump wanted a successful UK exit from the European Union.
 A Brexit without a deal would also have changed Britain`s alignment with US rules, not EU rules.  The EU-27 (with the exception of the United Kingdom) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the withdrawal agreement. But they are also beginning to discuss a transition period and explore their future relationship. According to UNCTAD, a Brexit without a deal could have had an impact on third world countries, including Africa.   However, a Brexit without a deal could have brought benefits to China.  A brexit without a deal could increase EU exports to the UK by $34 billion and $2 billion from Turkey, and China`s exports by $10 billion and US exports by $5 billion.
 In a non-agreement scenario, the UK would immediately leave the European Union (EU) without agreement on the divorce process. Jenkin wrote in Diplomat magazine that the group of MPs who destroyed Theresa May`s deal had only voted for Johnson because they had been assured that the government would abandon the deal if no trade deal was reached with the European Union. The new relationship will not be highlighted until the end of the transition period, when negotiations are completed. The new agreements will enter into force after the transition period that ends on December 31, 2020.